The short answer is...yes. Now for the long answer - a SOC 2 report requires that a service organization has sufficient control activities in place to address the Trust Services Principles and Criteria (TSPC) developed by the AICPA. However, there are no stipulations by the AICPA as to what those control activities have to be. As long as the criteria are satisfactorily addressed to align with the risks that a service organization has identified, a service organization has some flexibility with the controls they implement.
One of my favorite quotes from Ghostbusters is the exchange between Ray Stantz and Peter Venkman:
What is the difference between a HITRUST validated report and a HITRUST certification? The HITRUST Validated report and HITRUST Certification both begin with an organization engaging a CSF Assessor firm to audit against the in-scope CSF controls for the system. Contained within the in-scope CSF controls, which are derived from the details entered in the risk based questionnaire section (Factors tab) of the myCSF tool, HITRUST has designated 64 specific controls that are required for HITRUST Certification which are covered under 19 different assessment domains . In order to obtain the HITRUST certification any control that scores less than a 3+ requires a corrective action plan.
While there is no “required” minimum duration for a SOC Type 2 reporting period, AICPA guidance has suggested the use of a period of at least 6 months.
Do Service Organizations Define The Control Objectives? In a word, yes. For a SOC 1 report, service organizations are tasked with the responsibility of performing a risk assessment to define the different types of risks that are applicable to the specific service offering and infrastructure within scope.