When the Romans perfected aqueducts, those channels that transported fresh water from the source to established cities and towns became the backbone of those areas. Though the Romans were excellent civil engineers, the creation and implementation of aqueducts still required a lot of planning—projects could consist of different elements like pipes, tunnels, canals, and bridges, as well as combinations of these.
Periodic reviews of system access are critical for service organizations who wish to maintain strong internal control around information security. Access privileges to systems or physical locations that impact the customer’s business environment should be commensurate with the requirements of the services provided. These privileges should also facilitate segregation of incompatible duties. For example, in order to segregate incompatible duties, a system developer generally should not also have access to migrate changes to the production environment.